Ultimate Guide For HAZMAT Transportation

In general, the telephone number must fulfill few requirements. The first requirement for the telephone number is the monitoring. The telephone number that the shipper provides must be monitored all the time.

Later on, the telephone number shall be the number of the person who is offering the hazardous material; that person shall also be sure that the trucking company has received the proper information about the hazardous materials before they even start the transportation process.

Incident Reporting

If the truck driver who is performing hazmat transportation is not experienced and careful enough he might experience an incident. We all know the complexity of hazardous materials, and at the same time, we know that the hazardous materials, in fact, are the most hazardous when are released.

So, all hazmat truck drivers shall be very careful, and they shall try to prevent any type of incident. But still, truck drivers shall be informed and educated about incident reporting because we cannot predict what can happen on the road.

Source: www.fueloyal.com
Source: www.hazmatnation.com

We don’t want truck drivers if they find themselves in that type of unwanted situation to be asking themselves “Whom shall I inform about the incident of releasing hazardous materials?”.

This is the main reason why hazmat truck drivers shall read the guidance and answers to this type of critical questions that are provided by FMCSA and the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA).

The FMCSA and the Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration are always there to offer support to all truck drivers. Hazmat truck drivers can also take advantage of the Office of Hazardous Materials Safety; this office is featuring on-line incident reporting system that truck drivers can use it to file reports of incidents that have occurred.

First of all, before a truck driver reports an incident he must be sure that the incident is meeting the following points:

  1. The incident involved only one shipper;
  2. The incident involved only one type of hazardous material;

On the other hand, if the incident doesn’t happen to fit these points then the truck driver who is involved in the incident shall report it by using an electronic XML filing mode or using the paper form DOT F 5800.1.

5. HAZMAT Shipping Papers

As I mentioned before one of the shipper’s responsibilities is to properly prepare the shipping papers. Therefore, the shipper shall prepare shipping paper documentation separately for each hazardous material.

It is of a great importance that the hazmat transportation shall be accompanied by a properly prepared shipping papers. Speaking of that, shipping papers must properly describe the hazardous material that is being transported.

In order for the shipper to achieve a proper shipping description of hazardous material shall include:

  • Basic description of the hazmat materials;
  • Additional information about the materials and mode of transport;
  • Quantity of hazardous materials;
  • Type of packaging;

The first point or more precisely the basic description of the hazardous materials shall include the ID number. Later on the name as well as the packing group, and the hazard class shall be included in the shipping papers.

Sometimes in the shipping papers, it is required to be listed the technical name. The technical name shall be placed after the Proper Shipping Name or better known as Basic Description.

Also, it is recommendable for the shippers to include a subsidiary hazard class; it shall be placed straight after the primary hazard class information.

Moreover, the shipping papers must also include the date when the hazardous material is accepted by the carrier. Maintaining a copy or electronic image is more than welcomed.

6. HAZARDOUS Materials Carrier Responsibilities (list the responsibilities)

The job of a truck driver is tough, but the job of the hazmat truck driver is way tougher. There are numerous hazardous materials responsibilities that the carrier must fulfill.

Let’s take a look at the list of hazardous materials carrier responsibilities:

  1. Properly filled shipping papers;
  2. Placards and vehicle placard;
  3. Loading and unloading of hazardous materials;
  4. Blocking and bracing;
  5. Incident Reporting;
  6. Security plan;
  7. Employee training;

First of all, equally important as the hazmat truck driver training and experience is the proper sound mechanical condition of the vehicle that is performing hazmat transportation.

Also, one of the first responsibilities for the hazardous materials carrier is to check the packaging of the hazardous materials, if these materials are properly packed and have the proper labeling.

Source: www.kcitrucking.com
Source: www.kcitrucking.com

Each hazard truck driver shall be careful and work in accordance with the hazardous materials requirements in the 49 CFR Part 397. By ensuring that the consignments are properly classified and described the truck driver will allow himself to perform a proper hazmat transportation, without any error.

So, if you are a hazmat truck driver who is looking for a job opportunity, then you shall know that in general what each trucking company will be looking for you is (but is not limited):

  • Determining if the hazmat materials meet the definition of a hazardous material;
  • Proper shipping name (as I listed before);
  • Classification altogether with an identification number;
  • Hazardous warning labels;
  • Shipping papers;
  • Marking;
  • Incident reporting;

In most cases, the hazmat shippers do rely on the information that is provided by the shipper. It is strongly prohibited that truck drivers receive and perform a transportation process of hazmat materials that are not properly prepared and packed by the shipper.

7. HAZARDOUS Materials Classification

As you already read the previous subheadings of this article and understood the basics of hazardous materials transportation, now it is time for you to learn the Hazardous materials classifications too.

So, I previously mentioned that the people who are offering and are performing hazmat transportation shall properly identify, and straight proportionally to that to classify the hazardous materials.

Source www.pyrotalk.com
Source www.pyrotalk.com

The aim of hazardous materials classification is to define and determine the risk that those hazardous materials may cause. The packaging group of hazardous materials would be the following:

  1. Group No.1 – Hazardous Materials With High Danger;
  2. Group No.2 – Hazardous Materials With Moderate Danger;
  3. Group No.3 – Hazardous Materials With Low Danger;

In general, what is in common for all hazardous materials classification packages is that they are always represented by Roman Numerals.

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