Еach industry is moving towards the needs of the customers and the trucking industry is not an exception. There are so many types of goods and the trucking industry to transport those goods has to adjust to the special needs of each type. That is why trucking industry has classification of the trucking services.
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Which types of trucking services exist? Because we have different types of goods normal is to have different dimensions and weight of the load. To be specific there are 8 classes of trucking services. If the border to split one class from another is the volume and weight than we can conclude that class 8 trucking services are on the top of that chain.
Just for your information i will explain roughly these trucking classes to get the point. The classification was given by Federal Highway Administration (FHWA)
Light Duty Trucks – this category includes (Minivan, Cargo van, Full size Pickup, Step Van …)
Medium Duty Trucks – this category includes (Box Truck, City Delivery, Bucket Truck …)
Heavy Duty Trucks – this category includes (City Transit Bus, Truck Tractor, Flatbed, Reefer, Dry Vans …)
As we can see we have 8 classes of trucks and by that we can conclude that each truck is intended for some type of goods. When you need to make a transport you should choose the right one of the trucking services to save money. However in this article, we will keep our attention on the heavies’ trucks with heavier loads and that is of course class 8 trucking service.
Trucking services are a big part of the USA economy because tracking industry generates 5% of USA GDP or in real money that would be 700,000 billion/annually. Class 8 trucks are vehicles that exceeding 33000 lb (14969 kg) gross vehicle weight rating (GVWR).
There are 4 million of these trucks of total 15.5 million in the trucking industry. These trucks are used for transportation of bigger loads for longer distances and they typically have 3 or more axles.
And the Trucks with 5 axles (combination of tractor trailer) are called 18 Wheeler or Semi Truck.
This category includes:
There are so many trucks and so many trucking services on the market and it is nothing strange if you feel confused, it is normal because the variation of trucking industry can be so wide. Classes and their subclasses even a professional can be confused for a moment.
You need to transport goods but you do not know the right trucking service for you? You are at the right place to learn. Before we go forward to the services you need to know the characteristics of your load to know what service to choose.
Step 1. Know this info at the beginning
Step 2. Measure the cargo
If you don’t know how to do that, see the picture below and you will be able to do that perfectly.
Step 3. Is your cargo vulnerable to the cold/heat?
Great Job, now you are set to choose the right trucking service for your freight!
You can choose this type of the trucking services if you have small freights that means if you don’t have a load that can cover the full truck you do not need to pay for space you are not using. You can use the calculated pounds per cubic foot to pay just for that space. Less than load service gives you an opportunity to transport loads between 150 and 20,000 pounds.
If you cargo is composed of several pieces/boxes you have to wrap them with each other to become 1 piece. You are asking, why is that important? It is because the goods have to be compact, fixed and stable, to protect your cargo from movement and damaging, also to protect the loads that are around yours.
Flatbed trucking services are very practical for transporting goods that are overweight, overlength or oversized. If something is impossible for transportation because the limited space that other transport services are having, flatbed service is the right one for you.
These trucking services are used for transporting temperature sensitive products that need to be chilled or frozen from point A to point B. The temperature inside the trailer can vary depending on the needs of the products. The outside temperature does not affect the products because the temperature can be controlled inside the trailer.
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