Furthermore, they can choose and the testing specimen (urine, saliva, blood, or hair), but the industry standard as used by the Federal government and the DOT as well as many private employers, is 5 panel drug testing.
Actually the majority of workplace drug tests are these standard 5 panels and this is in fact the standard for the Federal government’s Mandatory Guidelines for Workplace Drug Testing.
The test is used for testing commonly abused substances like Opiates, Amphetamines, THC, PCP as well as Cocaine.
Only in cases where there is a need to test for a specific substance, different DOT drug testing is performed.
Now, what matter to us is that this 5 panel urine drug test is also used by the DOT!
So with other words, all DOT truck drivers are subject to the DOT drug testing in any time during the employment period as well as the pre-employment process.
So get ready, they might surprise you out of nowhere!
The 5 Panel Drug Test used as a DOT Drug Testing Procedure
As I said this standard 5 panel drug test is used by the DOT for their DOT drug testing procedure, before and during employment period.
Regardless which truck driving job you’ve choose, you have to go through this DOT drug testing.
Hack, you can be a seasonal ice road trucker looking for that nice paycheck and fast but hard earned dollars that they pay to ice road drivers, but you will still have to go through the DOT drug testing first, and any time random!
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So no matter what, if you are looking into truck driver position you will go through the 5 panel DOT drug testing which test for the following substances:
Cocaine is a processed drug, made from the leaves of the coca plant. This drug is in a form of a white powder. Sometimes, to create artificial filler, people mix it with other similar looking powder like baking soda or baby powder.
It’s a stimulant for people who need to stay up for a long time. In US the Cocaine is recognized as a schedule 2 drugs. All 5-panel drug tests are testing for cocaine.
Amphetamines are usually substances in pills or crushed by the user for snorting. It’s a laboratory drug found in ADHD and ADD treatment drugs like Adderall and Ritalin.
Same like the cocaine this drug is a stimulant and appetite suppressant that allows the user to stay awake and focused.
It is considered a schedule 2 drugs that is available by prescription.
Methamphetamine (part of Amphetamines)
Methamphetamine also known as “meth” has a similar chemical base like the amphetamine. It’s in a form of powder or a crystallized form.
When someone uses meth, they experience a sudden rush of euphoria, focus and increased energy. This dangerous addiction creates a strong, violent dependence and over time, the meth will destroy dopamine receptors.
Meth is also a schedule 2 drug and is illegal. In some rare cases, the meth has medicinal uses with a prescription, but those uses are tightly regulated.
Opiates are processed from the opium poppy plant and the opiate base is used to create illicit drug like heroin, as well as morphine.
Opiates are a relaxer. They reduce the pain and increase euphoria. The versions of opiates (heroin and opium) can be smoked, snorted, or injected. Addiction to opiates is very strong!
THC is found in the marijuana plant and in a synthetic form as Marinol. The users of THC either smoke the dried buds and hash, or eat the edible baked goods.
Marijuana is mostly smoked to achieve a feeling of relaxation and euphoria. Side effects are anxiety.
Even though marijuana does not have a strong dependence factor, if the user uses it for a long period can result in negative effects. This drug is schedule 1 drug.
Phencyclidine is a synthetic chemical made in illegal laboratories or stolen from veterinary sources.
The form of this drug is either like powder or a clear yellowish liquid and users can smoke it, inject it, snort it, or take in the drug in a different ways.
This drug is used recreational and is inducing hallucinations and dangerous experiences. It is considered a Schedule 2 substance with no legal use for humans.
So, these are the most commonly abused and dangerous drugs that workforce is screen for during a 5 panel drug screen. The 5-panel drug test is designed to detect these substances, so that way the employers can take appropriate decisions.
What drugs does DOT test for?
As I mentioned earlier, the DOT drug testing in all DOT-compliant drug and alcohol tests, is done to detect marijuana, opiates, PCP, cocaine, amphetamines and methamphetamines in employees.
All this illegal Schedule 1 drugs are automatically disqualifying truck drivers from performing their duties. They are dangerous and addictive with no medicinal properties.
When first examined and accepted by a medical professional, certain medications may not affect a CMV’s driver’s ability to perform their duties safely.
However, you have to have prescription thought because medical officers during the DOT drug testing will examine each medication and request a letter from the prescribing doctor.