50 Terms Everyone In The Trucking Industry Should Know

trucking industry terms

Do you know any of the trucking industry terms? Moreover, do you know the crucial terms in the trucking industry?

Well, some are law-demanding to know.

Due to the wide terminology of the trucking industry, everyone involved in needs to know at least the most common legal terms.

Continually, it is pretty much the same as the obligation of knowing the trucking permits and licenses or CSA violations.

Having said this, how can a lawyer enter a full courtroom without knowing the terms regarding the law?

Think about it.

There is a lot to be learned about the trucking industry and when it comes to the trucking industry terms, it is like learning a Chinese alphabet.

The Most Important 50 Trucking Industry Terms

The trucking industry is one the most complex ones.

Having said this, if you are a newbie in the business, it may take you less time to learn the basics.

However, it takes a hard work and dedication in order to learn the industry on a highly professional level.

To continue with, there are a lot of trucking industry terms which every truck driver needs to learn.

1. ABS – Antilock Brake System

A computer, a sensor, and a solenoid valve are put together in order to track brake’s behavior in the trucking industry.

Further, they contribute to monitoring the speed of the wheel, as well as modulating the force of the brakes.

Thus, they are able to sense the lockup of the wheel during the braking process.

More importantly, these devices are helping truck drivers to retain the vehicle’s control and behavior while heavy braking on a slippery road.


To emphasize, an axle is a type of supporting Shaft (member) upon which wheels revolve.

Notably, there are several types of axles in the trucking industry:

  • Drive axles have powered wheels
  • Front axle is also called steer axle
  • Pusher axles have unpowered wheels and are ahead of drive axles
  • Rear axles can be further drive, tag and pusher type
  • Tag axles are also unpowered and go behind the drive axles
trucking industry terminology
Source: www.truckerpath.com

3. ATC – Automatic Traction Control

Normally, ATC is a feature based on the Antilock Brake System (ABS).

As an explanation, it stops the drive wheels from spinning when on a slippery road.

To put it in a different way, it is involved in the process of braking a wheel individually and reduces the engine throttle.

In particular, it has a significant function in the trucking industry, which is preventing truck driver accidents.

4. Bill Of Lading (B/L)

To continue with, another often used term in the trucking industry is the Bill of Lading. Particularly, the B/L term refers to a transportation document which describes the content of a specific shipment.


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Continually, it also involves a freight contract important for the carrier to acknowledge a receipt of freight.

According to the place of use, the terms, the conditions as well as responsibilities, are varying.

5. Blanket Permit

This is a type of term in the trucking industry which refers to a written authorization. This type of authorization is granted by the Department of Motor Vehicles.

trucking industry bill of lading
Source: www.truckerpath.com

6. Brake Lining

Another interesting and useful to learn term in the trucking industry is the brake lining. Continually, it is a strong frictional material like copper, wire or cotton which is fixed to the shoe of the brake.

This shoe brake actually makes contact with the brake drum during the process of braking.

7. Canadian Provincial Authority Number

This particular term refers to the unique number which is assigned to a motor carrier in the trucking industry.

It is authorized in order to conduct road transportation with the Canadian Province boundaries.

8. Car-Dumper

A term used to explain a transportation process in the trucking industry.

To put it differently, it is a type of mechanical installation used for transferring bulk materials from the open-top vehicles into the vessels’ cargo space.

Moreover, it is used within the car hauling companies in the trucking industry.

car dumper in a trucking industry
Source: www.linkedin.com

9. Cargo Manifest

To continue with, there are particular documents in the trucking industry which are really important for the transportation process.

Having said this, a cargo manifest is a type of document which is listing the consignments on a truck or aircraft.

Notably, the document consists of information about the quantity, marks identification and the consignor or consignee of every item.

10. Certificate Of Origin

It is a document which indicates the country which produces goods whose names are listed on it.

Continually, the origin of the goods is required by the customs authority.

In particular, this document is needed for correcting assessment as well as cargo securement, especially in the foreign markets.

11. CPC & N – Certificate Of The Public Convenience and Necessity

CPC is a document that grants authority for operating a truck in an interstate commerce which is further provided by FMCSA (Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration).

With the help of this document, the Administration is contracting carriers according to the Certificate’s terms and needs.

trucking industry contract
Source: www.pinterest.com

12. CB – Citizen Band Radio

The CB radio is a two-way radio device which does not require a license by the Federal Communications Commission (FCC).

Although they were used in the 70’s, the radios are still used in the trucking industry for communication.

On the subject of this, there are trucking companies in the United States which still own and use old parts of equipment.

Furthermore, the radios are reporting traffic conditions as well as emergency calls.

13. CDLIS – Commercial Driver’s License Information System

A system which keeps data and records about the State’s license.

Correspondingly, the system is provided by States with the nationwide information check in case of duplicates and CDL status of a driver.

14. Common Carrier

Any type of carrier engaging in interstate property transportation based on a regular schedule. Particularly, this carrier offers available services to the general public on the for-hire basis.



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